Local area – Colerne

From the 14th century the Colerne local economy went into cloth production with mills on the bordering By Brook river, and stone quarrying.

Colerne is a parish with a population of about 3000, and has a thriving community with an excellent primary school, medical practices, grocery stores, pubs, village hall, recreation ground and numerous clubs and activities.


Evidence of early settlement in the area includes three bowl barrows near Thickwood, overlooking the Bybrook valley, and an Iron Age hillfort[3] from around 100 BC in the north of the parish, known as Bury Wood Camp, overlooking the Doncombe valley.

A Roman villa has been found on the site of the present airfield. The 1086 Domesday Book recorded 28 households at Colerne[6] and six at Thickwood. The enclosure known as Colerne Park (today largely woodland) was created in the early 14th century by William of Colerne, Abbot of Malmesbury.

The village has two pubs, in buildings from the early 18th century: the Fox and Hounds[34] and the Six Bells Inn. There is a village hall and several shops with one housing the village’s Post Office.

The Lucknam Park Hotel, originally a Georgian country house but much expanded in the Victorian era, is around 1 mile (1.6 km) north of the village, near Thickwood. The hotel stands in a 500-acre (200 ha) estate and has an equestrian centre.

Colerne Park and Monk’s Wood is a Site of Special Scientific Interest, south and east of the village. On the north-east edge of the village, Frank’s Wood was planted in 2000 by the Woodland Trust.

The village has two pubs, the Fox and Hounds and the Six Bells Inn, as well as several shops, including a Post Office. Derek Fowlds, the actor in in Yes Minister, and Basil Brush, used to live in Colerne.