The area has been settled since Neolithic times and during the Roman period had two villas the primary one in the centre of Box and the other at Ditteridge.
Box had extensive high-quality limestone deposits which were mined from Roman times until 1970. Millions of tons were extracted. The area contains a number of outstanding Grade 1 and 2 buildings.
Box is a large village and civil parish within the Cotswolds Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty in Wiltshire, England, about 3 miles (5 km) west of Corsham and 5 miles (8 km) northeast of Bath. Box also falls in the easternmost part of the Avon Green Belt.
To the east the parish includes much of Rudloe, formerly a hamlet but now a housing estate, and the defence establishments and related businesses on the site of RAF Rudloe Manor.
Occupation here dates back at least to Roman times. The area is known for its fine stone and for centuries Box quarries were famous for their product. Today Box is perhaps better known for its Brunel-designed Box railway tunnel.
The children’s book Thomas the Tank Engine was conceived by the Rev Awdry who lived in Box. The parish has extensive civil amenities catering for approximately 20 clubs for all ages.
Stone found in the archaeological investigation of Box Roman Villa is of local origin and Roman masonry may be seen at the base of the wall between the church of St. Thomas a Becket and Box House.
Legend has it that St Aldhelm, Abbot of Malmesbury (c. 639–709) threw his glove on Box Hill, saying, “dig here and you will find treasure”. Box stone was used for the construction of Malmesbury Abbey in the late 7th century.
For more information visit Box People and Places